Published at Thursday, January 17th 2019. by Adelisa Legrand in Industrial Machinery.
Instead of having you scavenge the Internet for what seems like forever in order to get the information you're after, I decided to compile this guide which explains most table saw basics. I am not going into things like rip fence and saw blades because they require more attention (and are therefore discussed in separate articles elsewhere on this website), here we'll discuss the more basic stuff. So, without further ado, let's take a look at what you can expect to be included in the price on most models of table saw out there.
Now, the most common type of fence found on table saws at the moment (especially the cabinet type) is the Biesenmeyer Commercial “T-square” fence, or in most cases manufacturer's copies and offshoots of that design. It's the most popular design because it is easy to adjust and operate, is made out of welded steel, accurate, and best of all there is not much that can go wrong with it.
Fence and Miter Gouge Considerations Explained. Table saws are used primarily for ripping lumber, and in order to rip wood down to the desired width every table saw needs a fence. It's one of the most crucial components, so I thought the information below would come in handy for a lot of you.
The Fence. One crucial component of every table saw along with the engine and blade is the fence. In fact, making a precise rip cut would be impossible without it. There is basically one type of fence most table saw manufacturers tend to use, but before we get into that let's go over the main characteristics a good fence should have. First of all the fence should allow for easy and hassle-free adjustment both horizontally and vertically. The fence should also sit on the rails firmly, and there should be NO “wiggle” room apart from the sliding.
Blade Sizing. Blade Sizes there are two ways table saw blades are sized: their outside diameter, and the diameter of the mounting hole. Most standard blades for table saws are 8, 10 or 12 inches in diameter, but there are blades as small as 3 3/8 inches in diameter and as large as 30 inches in diameter. The bigger ones are designed for specific commercial purposes, of course, but man, that's a big blade!
Blade Types. Rip vs. Crosscut blades the two basic types of table saw blades are rip and crosscut blades. Rip blades have a smaller number of teeth and larger gullets, which means there's more room to remove the shavings and dust. These blades are designed to cut along the grain of the material on the table, but although they cut faster, the resulting cuts are rougher.
If you encounter some resistance while moving the fence, I would advise you apply some sort of lubrication like wax. Factory or stock gouges are sometimes poorly made, and most people correct this by purchasing an after market miter gouge. However, if you get a table saw with a bad fence and leave it that way, it's not a shortcoming for which you can easily compensate.
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