Published at Saturday, March 16th 2019. by Adriene Michel in Industrial Machinery.
Riving knife an even better option would be to consider a table saw with a riving knife instead of a splitter. While both do roughly the same thing, there are some key differences between the two. The disadvantage of having a splitter instead of a riving knife is that the splitter is fixed, which means it doesn't move along with the blade. Because it's fixed, a splitter needs to be removed when making cross, non-through, and dado cuts. Unfortunately, many people tend to forget to put the splitter back in place when they start making rip cuts. So if you have a table saw which uses a splitter to prevent kickback, always remember to double-check that the splitter is in place.
The Fence. One crucial component of every table saw along with the engine and blade is the fence. In fact, making a precise rip cut would be impossible without it. There is basically one type of fence most table saw manufacturers tend to use, but before we get into that let's go over the main characteristics a good fence should have. First of all the fence should allow for easy and hassle-free adjustment both horizontally and vertically. The fence should also sit on the rails firmly, and there should be NO “wiggle” room apart from the sliding.
Choosing the wrong blade will result in poor woodwork at best, and turn into a potential accident at worst. Now, in order to get the most out of the saw you paid for with your hard-earned cash, and to avoid any saw-related accidents, you need to learn a thing or two about the blades. This short guide I put together should teach you what you need to know. Check it out.
There are some differences between T-square fences found on table saws. Some of them make use of bolts in order to mount the fence tube to the T-square head which is more like a characteristic of lighter duty fences found on hybrid and contractor saws. Heavy-duty fences found on cabinet saws have the fence tube welded to the T-square head.
Table Saw Safety Features. The most noticeable and probably the most important safety feature is the blade guard, because it's very effective at keeping your fingers away from the danger zone – the saw blade. Truth is though, that many woodworkers don't like the blade guard because they can't measure and see the cuts if it's attached, especially if the guard is not made out of Plexiglas. They also complain that things like changing the blade or removing stuck wood take more time, so they often decide NOT to use the blade guard.
After you have penciled in a line where you want the cross-cut to be made, align it with the blade. With the saw turned on guide the miter gouge forward until the cut is made while making sure the board is firmly in place against the straight edge of the miter gouge. One of the simplest cuts a miter gouge allows you to make is a square cross-cut. Simply set the miter gouge at 90 degrees or zero (depending on the markings), and push the board toward the blade. The result will be a board that is cut square. You can also make angled cuts by setting the miter gouge at an angle of up to 45 degrees.
Blade RPM. The maximum speed of a blade is usually expressed in RPM (revolutions per minute). One thing you need to look for is the speed of the table saw, which must never exceed the speed of the blade. Blades are designed to rotate at a certain speed, and using it on a table saw which exceeds that speed will cause the blade to break apart due to centrifugal force. This is pretty much everything you need to know about blades. If you decide you want to learn even more about blades and their properties, this should serve as a good base for you to build upon.
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