Published at Friday, March 29th 2019. by Adriene Michel in Industrial Machinery.
Obviously, the easiest way to know which blade fits your table saw would be to consult the instruction manual. Also, use some common sense. There is a finite amount of space inside the arbor, so you can't use just any blade. The space is also limited with the presence of a blade guard. Speaking of the arbor, the central arbor hole on most table saw blades is 5/8 inches in diameter, but then again, there are exceptions to that rule. If the diameter and the arbor are supported by the saw, you are on the right track.
The blade tilt hand wheel is located on the side of the saw and allows you to tilt the blade up to 45 degrees away from the fence. The hand wheel which allows you to adjust the tilt of the saw blade is usually located on the left or right side of the unit depending on which way the arbor is made to tilt. Portable table saws usually don't give you as much control as professional cabinet saws though, and they often combine elevation and tilt adjustment in one wheel.
If you encounter some resistance while moving the fence, I would advise you apply some sort of lubrication like wax. Factory or stock gouges are sometimes poorly made, and most people correct this by purchasing an after market miter gouge. However, if you get a table saw with a bad fence and leave it that way, it's not a shortcoming for which you can easily compensate.
Essential Information on Table Saw Blades. On this website, I repeatedly maintain how useful table saws are and how much work you can get done if you learn to use them properly. At this point, we're going to assume you've done your homework and decided on a particular type of table saw, or maybe even a particular model, but your work is not quite done yet. Depending on your projects, sooner or later you are going to have to change the blade from the original one that comes with the table saw when you buy it. The choice of the right blade is crucial, and you will need to consider the type of material you will be cutting as well as its thickness.
Blade Materials. Diamond tipped masonry blades that are meant to cut plywood and hardwood are usually fabricated out of metal, but those that are designed to cut through harder materials require the use of even harder materials. The harder material is applied around the edge of the blade, with the metal core remaining intact.
Elevation and Tilt Wheels. Elevations and tilt hand wheel The blade elevation hand wheel is usually located on the front of the saw and allows you to control the height of the blade, which effectively controls the depth of cut. In the case of 10-inch blades, the blade should be exposed around 3-5/8 inches at its maximum height which is sufficient to cut through a 4 x 4 in a single pass.
Blade Teeth. Blade teeth the more teeth on a blade, the smoother the cut. The majority of blades have between 24 and 80 teeth, expect for blades specifically designed to cut through certain materials. Why would you go with more or fewer teeth? More teeth ensures that the cut is smoother, but it also means the cutting will be done more slowly. Fewer teeth means faster cutting, but the cut will be rougher. A word to the wise: Do NOT EVER attempt to make the cutting faster by pushing the wood onto the blade. The only thing this will do is cause kickback, which will eject the wood back at you at a high rate of speed and potentially hurt you severely. So just be patient.
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