Published at Wednesday, March 13th 2019. by Alaine Mercier in Industrial Machinery.
Blade Teeth. Blade teeth the more teeth on a blade, the smoother the cut. The majority of blades have between 24 and 80 teeth, expect for blades specifically designed to cut through certain materials. Why would you go with more or fewer teeth? More teeth ensures that the cut is smoother, but it also means the cutting will be done more slowly. Fewer teeth means faster cutting, but the cut will be rougher. A word to the wise: Do NOT EVER attempt to make the cutting faster by pushing the wood onto the blade. The only thing this will do is cause kickback, which will eject the wood back at you at a high rate of speed and potentially hurt you severely. So just be patient.
One thing you have to keep in mind is to slide the wood a bit slower than you normally would because the movement of the gouge can move it out of place. To make sure this doesn't happen you can secure the board to the gouge using a clamp. Thanks to a miter gouge you can also make compound cuts. Compounds cuts are made by setting the miter gouge at a desired angle and bevel of the saw blade at the same time.
For instance, the teeth on blades that cut through wood are made out of steel or carbon steel, which ensures their durability. Then there are masonry blades, which have diamond-tipped teeth, and you can also find blades that are made to cut through aluminum and steel. Such blades have teeth that are treated with hardened metal or tungsten carbide. Finally, there are blades designed to cut through PVC and acrylic materials, which have teeth made out of low-temperature tungsten carbide.
Blade Materials. Diamond tipped masonry blades that are meant to cut plywood and hardwood are usually fabricated out of metal, but those that are designed to cut through harder materials require the use of even harder materials. The harder material is applied around the edge of the blade, with the metal core remaining intact.
Elevation and Tilt Wheels. Elevations and tilt hand wheel The blade elevation hand wheel is usually located on the front of the saw and allows you to control the height of the blade, which effectively controls the depth of cut. In the case of 10-inch blades, the blade should be exposed around 3-5/8 inches at its maximum height which is sufficient to cut through a 4 x 4 in a single pass.
Also, table saws are equally adept at making cross-cuts and other more complex cuts. Now, in order to do that they rely on something called a miter gouge. I will go on to explain this further down below, because knowing how to cut wood using a miter gouge will even allow you to make angled and compound cuts. If I'm using terms you're totally unfamiliar with, don't worry about it because I've explained everything for you.
If you encounter some resistance while moving the fence, I would advise you apply some sort of lubrication like wax. Factory or stock gouges are sometimes poorly made, and most people correct this by purchasing an after market miter gouge. However, if you get a table saw with a bad fence and leave it that way, it's not a shortcoming for which you can easily compensate.
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