Published at Wednesday, March 13th 2019. by Alaine Mercier in Industrial Machinery.
One thing you have to keep in mind is to slide the wood a bit slower than you normally would because the movement of the gouge can move it out of place. To make sure this doesn't happen you can secure the board to the gouge using a clamp. Thanks to a miter gouge you can also make compound cuts. Compounds cuts are made by setting the miter gouge at a desired angle and bevel of the saw blade at the same time.
When you are making angled cuts simply align the sheet with the straight part of the miter gouge, and push it together with the miter gouge toward the blade. The saw will make the cut at an angle using the pivoting part of the miter gouge. Whereas fences allow you to make rip cuts, miter gouges provide you with a lot more options. You can make both square and angled cross-cuts as well as specialty cuts. In order to make a cross-cut, you need to slide the miter gouge back toward you. You then need to put the board against the straight part of the gouge.
Blade Adjustments. Axis Adjustment Modern table saws allow the blade to be adjusted in various ways. The blade can be adjusted both vertically and by changing its axis. Vertical adjustments are made by exposing more of the blade, which changes the depth of cut. This comes in handy for thick pieces of wood as well as for non-through cuts. By adjusting the axis of the blade, you can make cuts at a certain angle, thus making bevel cuts, which are good for creating joints.
The Fence. One crucial component of every table saw along with the engine and blade is the fence. In fact, making a precise rip cut would be impossible without it. There is basically one type of fence most table saw manufacturers tend to use, but before we get into that let's go over the main characteristics a good fence should have. First of all the fence should allow for easy and hassle-free adjustment both horizontally and vertically. The fence should also sit on the rails firmly, and there should be NO “wiggle” room apart from the sliding.
The blade tilt hand wheel is located on the side of the saw and allows you to tilt the blade up to 45 degrees away from the fence. The hand wheel which allows you to adjust the tilt of the saw blade is usually located on the left or right side of the unit depending on which way the arbor is made to tilt. Portable table saws usually don't give you as much control as professional cabinet saws though, and they often combine elevation and tilt adjustment in one wheel.
Riving knife an even better option would be to consider a table saw with a riving knife instead of a splitter. While both do roughly the same thing, there are some key differences between the two. The disadvantage of having a splitter instead of a riving knife is that the splitter is fixed, which means it doesn't move along with the blade. Because it's fixed, a splitter needs to be removed when making cross, non-through, and dado cuts. Unfortunately, many people tend to forget to put the splitter back in place when they start making rip cuts. So if you have a table saw which uses a splitter to prevent kickback, always remember to double-check that the splitter is in place.
Safety Considerations. When making cross-cuts avoid using the miter gouge and fence at the same time. Why? Because when you slide the board towards the saw using a miter gouge the board will most likely bind against the fence. At this point I should remind you this will most likely cause kickback which will throw the board back at you, and at high speed! This is something you definitely don't want to happen – ever. My advice would be to dismount the fence, or set it a decent distance away from the board.
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