Published at Thursday, March 28th 2019. by Adelisa Legrand in Industrial Machinery.
There are some differences between T-square fences found on table saws. Some of them make use of bolts in order to mount the fence tube to the T-square head which is more like a characteristic of lighter duty fences found on hybrid and contractor saws. Heavy-duty fences found on cabinet saws have the fence tube welded to the T-square head.
Splitter and Anti Kickback PawlsOne of the leading causes of table saw related accidents is kickback, which occurs when a piece of wood gets ejected at high speed, back toward the operator. This can cause some serious injuries. This happens when the wood binds between the fence and the blade, and then gets caught by the teeth on the back on the blade. In order to prevent that from happening, many table saws are fitted with a splitter. A splitter is basically a small vertical blade made of metal or plastic, which holds the Cerf open behind the table saw blade. It's a simple solution that works, up to a certain point.
Push Stick; if you are not the lucky owner of a saw with the SawStop safety system, you are going to need a push stick, which comes in handy when you need to slide the wood through the blade. Having your hands too close to the saw blade is never a good thing, so it is a wise idea to rely on a push stick. You can get one at just about any shop that sells woodwork supplies, or make one yourself. There are plenty of tutorials on line to teach you how to do so.
When you are making angled cuts simply align the sheet with the straight part of the miter gouge, and push it together with the miter gouge toward the blade. The saw will make the cut at an angle using the pivoting part of the miter gouge. Whereas fences allow you to make rip cuts, miter gouges provide you with a lot more options. You can make both square and angled cross-cuts as well as specialty cuts. In order to make a cross-cut, you need to slide the miter gouge back toward you. You then need to put the board against the straight part of the gouge.
Obviously, the easiest way to know which blade fits your table saw would be to consult the instruction manual. Also, use some common sense. There is a finite amount of space inside the arbor, so you can't use just any blade. The space is also limited with the presence of a blade guard. Speaking of the arbor, the central arbor hole on most table saw blades is 5/8 inches in diameter, but then again, there are exceptions to that rule. If the diameter and the arbor are supported by the saw, you are on the right track.
Riving knife an even better option would be to consider a table saw with a riving knife instead of a splitter. While both do roughly the same thing, there are some key differences between the two. The disadvantage of having a splitter instead of a riving knife is that the splitter is fixed, which means it doesn't move along with the blade. Because it's fixed, a splitter needs to be removed when making cross, non-through, and dado cuts. Unfortunately, many people tend to forget to put the splitter back in place when they start making rip cuts. So if you have a table saw which uses a splitter to prevent kickback, always remember to double-check that the splitter is in place.
Dust Collection. Dust collection port Having sawdust all over your workshop and work surface is not only annoying, but it can make your job more difficult. It's much easier to work with wood if the table of the saw is smooth and clean. For this purpose most table saws have dust collection ports which can be attached to a vacuum. You may also come across saws that have a cloth pouch which you can attach to the saw so it collects all the dust in one “tidy” place.
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