Published at Wednesday, March 06th 2019. by Adelisa Legrand in Industrial Machinery.
Fence and Miter Gouge Considerations Explained. Table saws are used primarily for ripping lumber, and in order to rip wood down to the desired width every table saw needs a fence. It's one of the most crucial components, so I thought the information below would come in handy for a lot of you.
Instead of having you scavenge the Internet for what seems like forever in order to get the information you're after, I decided to compile this guide which explains most table saw basics. I am not going into things like rip fence and saw blades because they require more attention (and are therefore discussed in separate articles elsewhere on this website), here we'll discuss the more basic stuff. So, without further ado, let's take a look at what you can expect to be included in the price on most models of table saw out there.
Blade Types. Rip vs. Crosscut blades the two basic types of table saw blades are rip and crosscut blades. Rip blades have a smaller number of teeth and larger gullets, which means there's more room to remove the shavings and dust. These blades are designed to cut along the grain of the material on the table, but although they cut faster, the resulting cuts are rougher.
Miter Gouge. An Angled Cut Using a Miter Gouge. How does a miter gouge work? It's pretty simple. In essence it is a guiding device that moves inside the miter slot on the saw. The key component is the piece that sort of resembles a half-moon, and pivots around the point of its connection to the guide. Thanks to the locking mechanism you can choose any angle between 45 and -45 degrees.
When you are making angled cuts simply align the sheet with the straight part of the miter gouge, and push it together with the miter gouge toward the blade. The saw will make the cut at an angle using the pivoting part of the miter gouge. Whereas fences allow you to make rip cuts, miter gouges provide you with a lot more options. You can make both square and angled cross-cuts as well as specialty cuts. In order to make a cross-cut, you need to slide the miter gouge back toward you. You then need to put the board against the straight part of the gouge.
I would also recommend you to look for switches that have a “sunk” or plastic cover which prevent you from turning the saw on accidentally. If you have kids running around the shop, consider a saw that comes with the ability to add a padlock. Actually, this comes in useful even if you don't have kids who are likely to gain access to your workshop.
Obviously, the easiest way to know which blade fits your table saw would be to consult the instruction manual. Also, use some common sense. There is a finite amount of space inside the arbor, so you can't use just any blade. The space is also limited with the presence of a blade guard. Speaking of the arbor, the central arbor hole on most table saw blades is 5/8 inches in diameter, but then again, there are exceptions to that rule. If the diameter and the arbor are supported by the saw, you are on the right track.
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