Published at Wednesday, March 06th 2019. by Adelisa Legrand in Industrial Machinery.
Miter Gouge. An Angled Cut Using a Miter Gouge. How does a miter gouge work? It's pretty simple. In essence it is a guiding device that moves inside the miter slot on the saw. The key component is the piece that sort of resembles a half-moon, and pivots around the point of its connection to the guide. Thanks to the locking mechanism you can choose any angle between 45 and -45 degrees.
Blade Sizing. Blade Sizes there are two ways table saw blades are sized: their outside diameter, and the diameter of the mounting hole. Most standard blades for table saws are 8, 10 or 12 inches in diameter, but there are blades as small as 3 3/8 inches in diameter and as large as 30 inches in diameter. The bigger ones are designed for specific commercial purposes, of course, but man, that's a big blade!
When you are making angled cuts simply align the sheet with the straight part of the miter gouge, and push it together with the miter gouge toward the blade. The saw will make the cut at an angle using the pivoting part of the miter gouge. Whereas fences allow you to make rip cuts, miter gouges provide you with a lot more options. You can make both square and angled cross-cuts as well as specialty cuts. In order to make a cross-cut, you need to slide the miter gouge back toward you. You then need to put the board against the straight part of the gouge.
Blade Teeth. Blade teeth the more teeth on a blade, the smoother the cut. The majority of blades have between 24 and 80 teeth, expect for blades specifically designed to cut through certain materials. Why would you go with more or fewer teeth? More teeth ensures that the cut is smoother, but it also means the cutting will be done more slowly. Fewer teeth means faster cutting, but the cut will be rougher. A word to the wise: Do NOT EVER attempt to make the cutting faster by pushing the wood onto the blade. The only thing this will do is cause kickback, which will eject the wood back at you at a high rate of speed and potentially hurt you severely. So just be patient.
Push Stick; if you are not the lucky owner of a saw with the SawStop safety system, you are going to need a push stick, which comes in handy when you need to slide the wood through the blade. Having your hands too close to the saw blade is never a good thing, so it is a wise idea to rely on a push stick. You can get one at just about any shop that sells woodwork supplies, or make one yourself. There are plenty of tutorials on line to teach you how to do so.
Blade Adjustments. Axis Adjustment Modern table saws allow the blade to be adjusted in various ways. The blade can be adjusted both vertically and by changing its axis. Vertical adjustments are made by exposing more of the blade, which changes the depth of cut. This comes in handy for thick pieces of wood as well as for non-through cuts. By adjusting the axis of the blade, you can make cuts at a certain angle, thus making bevel cuts, which are good for creating joints.
In the past, table saw blades were meant to cut only wood, but they are now able to cut through metal, plastic, and other materials. Mind you, most blades are still fabricated out of metal, but some also feature special alloys and materials in the teeth, and various carbon composites for the body. Before deciding on a blade, you need to look at several characteristics such as its diameter, the material it's made of, the material it's designed to cut, number of teeth, maximum speed, and price, among others. Of course, the blade needs to match your table saw as well. Now, let's see how you do all that.
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